The Significance of the D-dimer Blood Test in Covid -19 Dis-ease
Oct 21, 2021
In this podcast, we talk with Dr. Robert Young who explains the significance of the D-dimer blood test as it relates to Covid-19 disease. Click on this link or any of the pictures to listen and learn more about the D-dimer blood test and blood clotting.
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D-dimer formation. Shown are fibrinogen, with its one E domain and two D domains, acted upon in cascade, by the following enzymes: Thrombin, to create a mesh of fibrin protofibrils; Factor XIII to crosslink the fibrin mesh (linking protofibril D domains), the scaffold for clot formation; Plasmin, whose action in fibrinolysis produces fibrin degradation products (FDPs), the smallest of which are D-dimers, protein fragments with one E and two cross-linked D domains from an original fibrinogen.
Dr. Young is a world-class scientific investigator and expert especially on microscopic and submicroscopic elements of the human blood.
He has written and published hundreds of scientific papers. You can find out more about Dr. Young at www.drrobertyoung.com/blog.
Check out this scientific peer-reviewed article on "pathological blood coagulation"
 Asakura, Hidesaku; Ogawa, Haruhiko (2020). "COVID-19-associated coagulopathy and disseminated intravascular coagulation". International Journal of Hematology. 113 (1): 45–57. doi:10.1007/s12185-020-03029-y. ISSN 0925-5710. PMC 7648664. PMID 33161508.
 Khan, Faizan; Tritschler, Tobias; Kahn, Susan R; Rodger, Marc A (2021). "Venous thromboembolism". The Lancet. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(20)32658-1. ISSN 0140-6736. PMID 33984268.
 Ponti, G; Maccaferri, M; Ruini, C; Tomasi, A; Ozben, T (2020). "Biomarkers associated with COVID-19 disease progression". Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences. 57 (6): 389–399. doi:10.1080/10408363.2020.1770685. ISSN 1040-8363. PMC 7284147. PMID 32503382.
 Velavan, Thirumalaisamy P.; Meyer, Christian G. (25 April 2020). "Mild versus severe COVID-19: laboratory markers". International Journal of Infectious Diseases. 95: 304–307. doi:10.1016/j.ijid.2020.04.061. PMID 32344011. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
 Wells PS, Anderson DR, Rodger M, Forgie M, Kearon C, Dreyer J, et al. (September 2003). "Evaluation of D-dimer in the diagnosis of suspected deep-vein thrombosis". The New England Journal of Medicine. 349 (13): 1227–35. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa023153. PMID 14507948.
 Kogan AE, Mukharyamova KS, Bereznikova AV, Filatov VL, Koshkina EV, Bloshchitsyna MN, Katrukha AG (July 2016). "Monoclonal antibodies with equal specificity to D-dimer and high-molecular-weight fibrin degradation products". Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis. 27 (5): 542–50. doi:10.1097/MBC.0000000000000453. PMC 4935535. PMID 26656897.
 Olson JD, Cunningham MT, Higgins RA, Eby CS, Brandt JT (August 2013). "D-dimer: simple test, tough problems". Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine. 137 (8): 1030–8. doi:10.5858/arpa.2012-0296-CP. PMID 23899057.
 Young RO (2016) "Pathological Blood Coagulation and the Mycotoxic Oxidative Stress Test (MOST)." Int J Vaccines Vaccin 2(6): 00048. DOI: 10.15406/ijvv.2016.02.00048
Scanning Electron Micrograph showing the crosslinked fibrin mesh that forms the blood clot. It is from these crosslinked fibrin nets when degraded gives birth to D-dimer. Since the CoV - 19 so-called vaccine causes clots the D-dimer test is a true-positive that the vaccine contents of graphene iron oxide are the cause of the pathological blood coagulation!