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  • Writer's pictureRobert O Young DSc, PhD, Naturopathic Practitioner

Wireless Body Area Networks (WBAN) Are YOU Connected to The Internet of Bodies (IoB) & The Internet of Things (IoT) 2019

Updated: Mar 31


Background Network lifetime is an essential performance metric for medical body area networks (MBAN) since nodes meant to monitor medical parameters continuously for a longer amount of time. This paper focuses on various schemes for enhancing the network lifetime through an analytical approach.


An analytical model for enhanced lifetime of sensor nodes is proposed.

The proposed model consists of both relay nodes (RN) and sensor nodes(SN) towards enhancing the longevity of network lifetime. The routing protocol is designed to collect the sensed information from SN by adapting optimal path towards gateway. The optimal distance between SN and RN is chosen based on best quality link which ensures the packet delivery. The total installation cost of RN, the total energy consumption of both RN and SN, the traffic serviced from all sensors and data routing to nodes are the constraints considered in the proposed framework for achieving the optimal path though efficient relaying. 


The proposedmulti-tier telemedicine system is extensively simulated for describing the optimal network path for MBAN-based e-health services. The proposed work is modelled using integer linear programming that optimizes the location and number of relays.

Relays are deployed for minimizing the cost of network installation of RN. The energy which is consumed by both sensors and relays is minimized while ensuring full coverage with effective routing of e-health services. The network longevity is analyzed during both normal and emergency scenarios.


[1]  Ehyaie A, Hashemi M, Khadivi P (2009) Using relay network to increase lifetime in wireless body area sensor networks. In: Proceedings of the 10th IEEE WoWMoM, Kos, Greece, June2009, pp 1–62. 

[2] Reusens E, Joseph W, Latre B, Braem B, Vermeeren G, Tanghe E, Martens L, Moerman I, Blondia C (2009) Characterization of on-body communication channel and energy efficient topology design for wireless body area networks. IEEE Trans Inf Technol Biomed 13(6):933–9453. 

[3] Azzouz BB, Mohamed B, Abdesselam B, Goursaud C, Hutu F (2015) Enhancement optimized MAC protocol for medical applications. In: New technologies of information and communication (NTIC), 2015, pp 1–64. 

[4] Birgani YG, Javan NT, Tourani M (2014) Mobility enhancement of patients body monitoring based on WBAN with multipath routing. In: Information and communication technology (ICoICT), 2014, pp 127–1325. 

[5] Ghosh A, Khalid S, Harigovindan VP (2015) Performance analysis of wireless body area network with thermal energy harvesting. In: Global conference on communication technologies(GCCT), 2015, pp 916–9206. 

[6] Heinzelman WR, Chandrakasan A, Balakrishnan H (2000) Energy-efficient communication protocol for wireless microsensor networks. In: Proceedings of the 33rd annual Hawaii international conference on system sciences, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA, 2000, pp 3005–301


Efficient Relaying for Enhanced Network Longevity for E-health IOT Services in Medical Body Area Networks.

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[2] For there is nothing covered, that shall not be revealed; neither hid, that shall not be known.

[3] Whatsoever ye have spoken in darkness shall be heard in the light; and that which ye have spoken in the ear in closets shall be proclaimed upon the housetops.

Dr. Robert Young MSc, DSc, PhD, Naturopathic Practitioner widely recognized as one of the top research and clinical scientists in the World. Throughout his career, his research has been focused at the cellular level. Having a specialty in cellular nutrition, biochemistry and microbiology, Dr. Young has devoted his life to researching the true causes of "disease," subsequently developing "The New Biology™" to help people balance their life.

Dr. Young has thousands of scientific papers written which are focused on how to live a long and productive life by ridding the body of toxic substances be they biological or electrical in nature.

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